DOBEDOO – When talking about Naples, symptomatic is the connection with the Vesuvius, natural totem which stands over the Gulf. It’s 4.203 feet (1.281 meters) tall. It changed its aspect because of all the violent eruptions. The eruption in 79 A.D., for example, has not only changed the volcano, but all the surrounding area, destroying the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis. Since then, the Vesuvius erupted more than 40 times. After the last eruption in 1944, which destroyed Massa and San Sebastiano, the volcano entered in “a dynamic rest”, as most people define this phase of quiescence.
Given the great geological, biological and historical interest of the entire Vesuvian area, on June 5 1995, the Vesuvius National Park, with its headquarters in Ottaviano, was born, and the volcano was opened to visitors. It was made with the intent of:
- preserving the values of the territory and of the environment;
- safeguarding the ecosystem of the area and the geological singularities;
- promoting environmental education activities and the scientific research.
Hundreds of floristic and faunistic species characterize the area adjacent to the volcano. Large numbers when compared to the small extension of the area.
Take the A3 Naples – Salerno motorway to the exit of Ercolano or Torre del Greco, reach via San Vito or via Vesuvio, depending on the exit and continue following the signs for the top of the volcano.